Methodological Reasoning DIA Comprehending of the (Recti)linear Space and Time, understood AS SOMETHING OUTSIDE OF "US"
The conventional interpretation of space was based on the following three dimensions: Length (Longitude), Width (Latitude) and Height (Altitude), that means, on the three features of the DIALECT - MATTER. The foundation stone of this school of thought in terms of philosophical paradigmatic assumptions was laid by Aristotle, to whom space was nothing more than an aspect, property and manifestation of the dialect - matter, and thus consequently without matter there is no space. The made advance in the realm of philosophy, art, science and culture DIA meeting and multi-interplaying of theirs in terms of both time and space, revealed a simple fact that this simplified STATIC 3-dimensional [material] space does not fit the living reality. In the Newtonian universe that dominated the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, spatial distances between bodies were RELATIVE, but space itself was ABSOLUTE. Inhabitants of this universe shared the same public space and the same public time. We talk of so many centimeters, meters or kilometers from one place to another, of so many seconds, minutes or hours from one occurrence to another, and our lives are regulated within the quantifiable domains of public space and public time. This is the world of commonsense we live in that accommodates the furniture of the biological and social sciences. The puzzling constancy of the speed of light detected by the Michelson and Morley delivered the deathblow to the Newtonian universe (Edward Harrison, 1985). As a consequence of it, the antique comprehension of space was expanded by the dialect - time, as its fourth dimension (proposed by Charles Hinton - 1887). This kind of DYNAMIC comprehending and understanding of space and time is still actual and valid in the scientific (mathematical) circles, and as such one is deeply imprinted (rooted) in conscience of people by all 5 (five) senses.The major problem of this methodological approach is the equaling (in terms of value) these three simple dimensions of dialect - matter ("SPACE") with such a COMPLEX mega-dialect, as it is time. Keep in mind, dialect - time is much more difficult to be understood by the five ("scientific") senses, compared to the dialect - space.